RECREATION, TOURISM, AND SPORT SPECIALTY GROUP SPONSORED SESSIONS

2004 PHILADELPHIA AAG MEETING


MONDAY, MARCH 15

 

Paper Session:
2102. Constructing Nature for Recreation, Tourism, and Sport

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty GroupCultural Ecology Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Monday,
3/15/2004 from 8:00 a.m. - 9:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University
Chair(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University
Participant(s):

  1. Jason A. Byrne - University of Southern California (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Green around the gills - Latino access to the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area
  2. Lydia Ann Breunig - UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism in Mexico’s Natural Protected Areas: Landscapes of Change and Challenge
  3. Janel M. Curry - Calvin College (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Northern Great Barrier Island, New Zealand: Local Perspectives on Nature and Policy
  4. Velvet Nelson - Kent State University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Representations and Images of Grenada's Tourism
  5. Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Managing for and Interpreting Old-Growth Forest Recreation in Penn's Woods

 

Paper Session:
2230. Mountain Tourism: Environment, Economy, Culture and Society

(Sponsored by Mountain Geography Specialty Group, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Monday,
3/15/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Sanjay K Nepal - UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN BRITISH
Chair(s):

·  Sanjay K Nepal - UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN BRITISH
Participant(s):

  1. Sanjay K Nepal - UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN BRITISH (Introduction)
  2. Alison M. Gill - Simon Fraser (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: A stakeholder approach to examining corporate-community relations in mountain resorts
  3. Keely B. Maxwell - Yale Universtiy (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Rural Communities along the Inca Trail: Strategies and Struggles over Tourism Benefits and Impacts
  4. Gyan Nyaupane - (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Understanding Socioeconomic Impacts of Mountain Tourism: The Case of Annapurna, Nepal and Southwestern Yunnan, China
  5. Sanjay K Nepal - UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN BRITISH (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Mountain Tourism: Toward A Conceptual Framework

 

 

Paper Session:
2228. Retirement Community or Gray Ghetto? Dynamics and implications of elder residential concentration II

(Sponsored by Canadian Studies Specialty Group, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Monday,
3/15/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Susan Lucas - University of Connecticut
Chair(s):

·  David Truly - Central Connecticut State
Participant(s):

  1. William Horne - York University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: A Home Away From Home: Independent Living Choices For The Elderly
  2. William B. Kory - University of Pittsburgh (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: A Retirement Community in a Western Pennsylvania Town
  3. David Truly - Central Connecticut State (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: International Retirement Migration: Changes in Attitudes, Changes in Latitudes
  4. Martine Freedman - Wilfrid Laurier University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Retirement housing in Geneva: a case of residential segregation ?
  5. Rita Schneider-Sliwa - University of Basel (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Housing for the Elderly - The Case of Basel, Switzerland

 

Panel Session:
2529. Author Meets Audience/Critics: Harold Marcuse - Legacies of Dachau: The Uses and Abuses of a Concentration Camp, 1933-2001

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Monday, 3/15/2004 from 3:00 p.m. - 4:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado
Chair(s):

·  Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado
Participant(s):

  1. Harold Marcuse - University Of California (Introduction)
  2. Kenneth E. Foote - University of Colorado (Discussant)
  3. Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado (Discussant)

 



TUESDAY, MARCH 16

Panel Session:
3129. Applied Recreation, Tourism, and Sport Geography

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Tuesday,
3/16/2004 from 8:00 a.m. - 9:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University
Chair(s):

·  Geoffrey Wall - University of Waterloo
Participant(s):

  1. Barbara Carmichael - Wilfrid Laurier (Panelist)
  2. Alison M. Gill - Simon Fraser (Panelist)
  3. Wesley S. Roehl - Temple University (Panelist)
  4. Dallen J. Timothy - Arizona (Panelist)

Paper Session:
3229. Heritage Management and Tourism: Revisiting Sites of Horror and Human Tragedy

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Tuesday,
3/16/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado
Chair(s):

·  Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado
Participant(s):

  1. Mara Cohen Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Global Jewish Tourism: Pilgrimages and Remembrance
  2. Kenneth E. Foote - University of Colorado (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Shadowed Ground Revisited: Recent Traumas, Changing Memories, Continuing Tensions.
  3. Christopher Koziol - Colorado State University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Resources of Ambivalence: Local Economic Development and the Memorialization of Past Oppressions on the Colorado Plains
  4. Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Winds of Change at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp Memorial
  5. Harold Marcuse - University Of California (Discussant)

 

Paper Session:
3203. Recreation, Tourism, and Sport on the Coast

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Coastal and Marine Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Tuesday,
3/16/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University

·  Diane P. Horn - Birkbeck College, University of London
Chair(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University

·  Diane P. Horn - Birkbeck College, University of London
Participant(s):

  1. Kobi Cohen-Hattab - Bar-Ilan University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: The Decline of Israel’s Mediterranean Resorts:Lifecycle Changes Versus National Tourism Master Planning
  2. Lisle S. Mitchell - University Of South Carolina (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Seventy-Five Years of Recreation, Tourism and Sport Geography
  3. Anne-Marie d'Hauteserre - University Of Waikato (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Stealth on stilts: ecotourism escapes to the Tuamotu atolls of French Polynesia.
  4. Christian Patrick Heidkamp - University of Connecticut (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Baja California’s La Escalera Nautica Project; Regional Development and the Environment
  5. Klaus J. Meyer-Arendt - University of West FLorida (Discussant)

 

3510. Teaching Tourism in the 21st Century
(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Tuesday,
3/16/2004 from 3:00 p.m. - 4:40 p.m. Organizer(s):

·  Amanda Rees - University Of Wyoming
Chair(s):

·  Amanda Rees - University Of Wyoming
Participant(s):

  1. Kanning Mark - (Panelist)
  2. Karen Schmelzkopf - Monmouth University (Panelist)
  3. Stacy Kowtko - Spokane Community College (Panelist)

Amanda Rees - University Of Wyoming (Panelist)



WEDNESDAY, MARCH 17

 

Paper Session:
4107. Against Type: New Perspectives on Tourism

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 8:00 a.m. - 9:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Daniel C. Knudsen - Indiana University
Chair(s):

·  Daniel C. Knudsen - Indiana University
Participant(s):

  1. Richard L. Wolfel - Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: History, Nationalism and the Urban Built Environment: A Case Study of the Rebuilding of Munich.
  2. Anne Soper - (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Mauritian Landscapes of Culture and Tourism
  3. Michelle Metro-Roland - INDIANA UNIVERSITY (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: A Nostalgia for Terror: The Memorialization of Communism in the Budapest Landscape
  4. Altynai Shaksybekovna Yespembetova - Indiana University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism as a Reconnection to the Neolithic Past: The Tamgaly Rock Paintings of Kazakhstan
  5. Daniel C. Knudsen - Indiana University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism, Landscape and Meaning: Contrasting the Image of Thy in the Danish and German Mind

 

Panel Session:
4150. Tourism Education in Geography Departments

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 8:00 a.m. - 9:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University
Chair(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University
Participant(s):

  1. Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University (Panelist)
  2. Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University (Panelist)
  3. Laurence Goss - Salem State College (Panelist)
  4. David Truly - Central Connecticut State (Panelist)
  5. Rudi Hartmann - University of Colorado (Panelist)

 

Paper Session:
4221. New Directions in
Caribbean Cultural Geographies: Negotiating Migration, Tourism, and Mobility
(Sponsored by Cultural Geography Specialty Group, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty GroupLatin America Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Susan P. Mains - University of the West Indies-Mona
Chair(s):

·  Susan P. Mains - University of the West Indies-Mona
Participant(s):

  1. Soyini Ashby - (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Exploring Migration and Diaspora: Indian Identities in Jamaica
  2. Soyini Ashby - (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Exploring Migration and Diaspora: Indian Identities in Jamaica
  3. Kerryann Branford - University of the West Indies-Mona (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Sustaining Ecotourism: Accommodating Environments in Barbados
  4. Kerryann Branford - University of the West Indies-Mona (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Sustaining Ecotourism: Accommodating Environments in Barbados
  5. Thecla Harry - University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism in Tobago – Directional Change
  6. Thecla Harry - University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism in Tobago – Directional Change
  7. Lindiwe Ome - The University of The West Indies-Mona (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Recreation and Responsibility: Exploring the Asa Wright Nature Centre, Trinidad
  8. Lindiwe Ome - The University of The West Indies-Mona (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Recreation and Responsibility: Exploring the Asa Wright Nature Centre, Trinidad
  9. Tamoy Singh - University of the West Indies (Mona) (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Selling Jamaica: Tourism, Nation and the Bob Marley Museum
  10. Tamoy Singh - University of the West Indies (Mona) (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Selling Jamaica: Tourism, Nation and the Bob Marley Museum

 


 

Paper Session:
4250. Tourism Planning for Sustainable Economic Development

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Regional Development and Planning Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Dave Lemberg - Western Michigan University
Chair(s):

·  Dave Lemberg - Western Michigan University
Participant(s):

  1. David Butler - University Of Southern Mississippi (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: From the Plantation to the Chateaux: A Comparison of Cross-Atlantic Tourism Patterns
  2. Robert E. Pfister - East Carolina University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism and Economic Renewal: A Tale of Two Villages
  3. Pere A. Salva-Tomas - University de les Iles Balears (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: TOURIST PLANNING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE AGENDA 21 APPLICATION IN BALEARIC ISLANDS (SPAIN)
  4. Dave Lemberg - Western Michigan University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Heritage Water Trails: A Planning Model for Sustainable Development
  5. Maharaj Reddy - University Of Exeter (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Evolving sustainability indicators for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
  6. Anne-Marie d'Hauteserre - University Of Waikato (Discussant)

 


 

Paper Session:
4423. Tourism, Recreation and Environmental Hazards: Issues and Responses

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Hazards Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 1:00 p.m. - 2:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Deborah Thomas - University of Colorado, Denver

·  Sarah Nicholls - Michigan State University
Chair(s):

·  Sarah Nicholls - Michigan State University
Participant(s):

  1. Jerry T. Mitchell - Bloomsburg University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Avoiding ‘Apocalypse Themepark’: Tourism, Terrorism, and the Rural Agricultural Fair
  2. Daniel Scott - University Of Waterloo (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Implications of Climate Change for the Ski Industry of Eastern North America
  3. L. Michael Trapasso - Western Kentucky University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism and the Ozone Hole: Varying Perceptions
  4. Sarah Nicholls - Michigan State University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Impact of Climate Change on Recreation and Tourism in Michigan
  5. Deborah Thomas - University of Colorado, Denver (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Challenges for Resort Communities in the Face of Drought

 

Paper Session:
4536. Tourism and the New Geographies of Culture, Politics, and Economy

(Sponsored by Cultural Geography Specialty Group, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 3:00 p.m. - 4:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University

·  Susan P. Mains - University of the West Indies-Mona
Chair(s):

·  Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University

·  Susan P. Mains - University of the West Indies-Mona
Participant(s):

  1. Tara Julie Duncan - University College London (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Taking a year out: travelling the world whilst exploring the self
  2. Eliot Tretter - Johns Hopkins University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: European Culture of the Culture of the Europeanist
  3. Patrick Mcgreevy - Clarion University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Conflicting Enchantments: Antebellum Travelers at the Upper-Canadian Border
  4. Antonio Luna-Garcia - Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona (Spain) (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Catalan travelers in West-Central Africa: hunting colonial identities.
  5. Chandra Degia - University of the West Indies (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourists on Jamaican Beaches: An Examination of Responsible Environmental Behaviour

 


 

Paper Session:
4550. Tourism in Transboundary Regions: Challenges and Perspectives

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 3:00 p.m. - 4:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University
Chair(s):

·  Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University
Participant(s):

  1. Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Transboundary Collaboration in Tourism: The Case of the Bothnian Arc
  2. Barbara Carmichael - Wilfrid Laurier (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Changing Representations of Casino Gambling and Border Communities in the Great Lakes Region
  3. Culum Canally - (Co-Presenter)
    Abstract Title: The US-Mexico Border as a Tourist Destination and Barrier to Travel
  4. Dallen J. Timothy - Arizona (Co-Presenter)
    Abstract Title: The US-Mexico Border as a Tourist Destination and Barrier to Travel
  5. Geoffrey Wall - University of Waterloo (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Partnerships in Promoting Peripheral Areas
  6. Shaul Krakover - Ben-Gurion University (Discussant)

 


 

Paper Session:
4502. Urban identity: Construction, contestation, and change

(Sponsored by Urban Geography Specialty Group, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty GroupCultural Geography Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Wednesday,
3/17/2004 from 3:00 p.m. - 4:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Sarah M. Loy - Clark University
Chair(s):

·  Sarah M. Loy - Clark University
Participant(s):

  1. Hunter Shobe - UNIVERSITY OF OREGON (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Place Identity, Collegiate Athletics and the University of Oregon: What Kind of Place is Eugene?
  2. Sarah M. Loy - Clark University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Contested Identities: Salt Lake City and the Winter Olympics
  3. Geronimi Martine - University of Quebec in Montreal (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Sense of place and tourism, Old Montreal and its Boutique-Hotels
  4. John Sharp - SUNY-New Paltz (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: The (re)Packaging of Cities in the Hudson Valley
  5. Jamie Gillen - University Of Colorado (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Crossing Guards: Directing Tourist Traffic Through the US City
  6. Scott Salmon - New School University (Discussant)

 



THURSDAY, MARCH 18

 

Paper Session:
5130. Tourism and Agriculture Relationships I: Linkages, Impacts and Constraints

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Thursday,
3/18/2004 from 8:00 a.m. - 9:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University

·  Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California
Chair(s):

·  Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University

·  Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California
Participant(s):

  1. Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Changing relationships between agriculture and tourism in the Eastern Caribbean.
  2. Pamela Richardson - (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism-agriculture relations in Barbados
  3. Tracy Berno - University Of the South Pacific (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: New approaches to sustainable tourism: Optimizing the linkages between agriculture and tourism in the Fiji Islands
  4. Galen R. Martin - University of Oregon (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Cacao, Coconuts and Cocaine: From Agriculture to Tourism in Cahuita, Costa Rica
  5. Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Opportunities and Constraints to Developing Tourism and Agriculture Linkages in the Mexican Caribbean

 


 

Paper Session:
5230. Tourism and Agriculture Relationships II: Agritourism as Niche Market Tourism

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Thursday,
3/18/2004 from 10:00 a.m. - 11:40 a.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University

·  Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California
Chair(s):

·  Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University

·  Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California
Participant(s):

  1. Jonathan Skinner - Queens University Belfast (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Harvesting the Niche: The Growth of Agritourism in the Modern West
  2. Richard Eathorne - NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Agriculture and Tourism: Tending the Gardens (A Case of Comparing Apples to Edens?)
  3. Robert L. Janiskee - University of South Carolina (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Organic Farming and Food Tourism Development in Serbia's Vojvodina Autonomous Province
  4. Atsuko Hashimoto - Brock University (Co-Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Female empowerment through agritourism in Kyushu, Japan
  5. David J. Telfer - Brock University (Co-Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Female empowerment through agritourism in Kyushu, Japan
  6. So-Min Cheong - Texas A&M University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism and Natural Resource Sectors

 


 

Paper Session:
5430. Tourism and Agriculture Relationships III: Agritourism in the
United States
(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Thursday,
3/18/2004 from 1:00 p.m. - 2:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University

·  Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California
Chair(s):

·  Rebecca Torres - East Carolina University

·  Janet H. Momsen - Univ of California
Participant(s):

  1. Laurence Goss - Salem State College (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Tourism and Agriculture in New Hampshire
  2. Larry L. Diamond - UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, AUSTIN (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Rice Farming in Texas: connections with wildlife and tourism
  3. Astrid S. Wargenau - Western Michigan University (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Wine Tourism Route Development and Marketing Strategies in Southwest Michigan
  4. Taro Futamura - University of Kentucky (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Eating 'Local': Identification of Producing Area and Representation of Geographical Scale in Farmers Market in Lexington, Kentucky

 


 

Panel Session:
5435. Geography and RTS - RTS and Geography

(Sponsored by Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Thursday,
3/18/2004 from 1:00 p.m. - 2:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University
Chair(s):

·  Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University
Participant(s):

  1. Dimitri Ioannides - Southwest Missouri State University (Introduction)
  2. Deborah L. Che - Western Michigan University (Panelist)
  3. Robert L. Janiskee - University of South Carolina (Panelist)
  4. Wesley S. Roehl - Temple University (Panelist)
  5. Robert E. Pfister - East Carolina University (Panelist)
  6. Dallen J. Timothy - Arizona (Panelist)

 



FRIDAY, MARCH 19

 

Paper Session:
6416. National Parks and the Political Process

(Sponsored by Historical Geography Specialty Group, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Specialty Group)

    is scheduled on Friday,
3/19/2004 from 2:00 p.m. - 3:40 p.m.

Organizer(s):

·  William Wyckoff - Montana State University

·  Lary M. Dilsaver - University Of South Alabama
Chair(s):

·  William Wyckoff - Montana State University
Participant(s):

  1. Lary M. Dilsaver - University Of South Alabama (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: The Political Geography of National Parks
  2. Michael J. Yochim - University Of Wisconsin-Madison (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Compromising Yellowstone: Interest Groups and Modern National Park Policy-making
  3. Edward K. Muller - University of Pittsburgh (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: Politics and Parks: The Emergence of National Heritage Areas
  4. Terence Young - California State Polytechnic University-Pomona (Presenter)
    Abstract Title: E.P. Meinecke and the Modern Auto Campground
  5. Thomas R. Vale - University of Wisconsin (Discussant)